photos of sakurajima, the most active volcano in japan, by (click pic) takehito miyatake (previously featured) and martin rietze. volcanic storms can rival the intensity of massive supercell thunderstorms, but the source of the charge responsible for this phenomenon remains hotly debated.
in the kind of storm clouds that generate conventional lightning, ice particles and soft hail collide, building up positive and negative charges, respectively. they separate into layers, and the charge builds up until the electric field is high enough to trigger lightning.
but the specific mechanism by which particles of differing charges are separated in the ash cloud is still unknown. lightning has been observed between the eruption plume and the volcano right at the start of an eruption, suggesting that there are processes that occur inside the volcano to lead to charge separation.
volcanic lightning could yield clues about the earth’s geological past, and could answer questions about the beginning of life on our planet. volcanic lightning could have been the essential spark that converted water, hydrogen, ammonia, and methane molecules present on a primeval earth into amino acids, the building blocks of life.
(see also: previous volcanology posts)
I’m so ready for the month-long skeleton party
Actual Advice Mallard.
Bad news for the guy with the forearm fetish.
This duck can save lives.
This is grear
my anac9nda d9n’t find y9ur una6ashed display 9f sexuality t9 6e appr9priate, and w9uld appreciate it if y9u either ceased 9r tagged such tr9u6ling 6ehavi9r in the future
are there actually people out there who make their beds every morning or is that just a myth
tbh i just need a hug
Gamzee and Tavros in real life no one can tell me otherwise this is what they do
Halloween display fell over
THE FIRST CASUALTY OF THE SKELETON WAR
Their name was Ingkrull, First of their Name.
They leave behind a body, 5’8”, 130lbs of flesh & blood.
Ingkrull’s sacrifice allowed our rearguard the time to maneuver and outflank the enemy.
Ingkrull will always be honored.
Rock’n Roll Girls
Games with English: insert the word “only” anywhere into the above sentence and consider how the placement changes meaning.
from mean to cute
So yeah, Michael “Rage Quit” Jones sped up is a good Karkat voice, right?
i’M FUCKING CRYING OMFG
usa gets silver:
russia gets silver:
chinese get silver:
british get bronze:
actually, it’s been psychologically proven that bronze winners are happier than silver winners! silver winners see themselves as being “so close” to gold, while bronze winners are just happy they won a medal. so any silver medalist isn’t as happy as a bronze medalist!
Canada gets silver:
ok but it’s canada